Dimensional crossover in the quantum transport behaviour of the natural topological insulator Aleksite

Authors/others:Gehring, Pascal (Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung); Vaklinova, Kristina (Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung); Hoyer, Alexander (Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung); Benia, Hadj M. (Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung); Skakalova, Viera; Argentero, Giacomo; Eder, Franz; Meyer, Jannik C.; Burghard, Marko (Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung); Kern, Klaus (Max-Planck-Institut für Festkörperforschung)
Abstract:Three-dimensional topological insulators comprise topologically protected surface states displaying massless, Dirac-like linear dispersion with spin-momentum locking. Electrical conduction through such surface states has been documented to manifest itself in a two-dimensional character of the angle-dependent magnetotransport behavior. Here, we explore the size-dependent electronic properties of nanostructures made of the lead-containing mineral Aleksite, a naturally occurring topological insulator. Compared to its sister compound Kawazulite, a member of the wellstudied Tetradymite crystal class, the crystal structure of Aleksite is distinguished by its lack of any counterpart within the group of synthetic topological insulators. Low temperature Hall measurements on thin Aleksite nanosheets reveal a significant carrier mobility on the order of 1000 cm(2)/(Vs), and a high carrier density of n = 3.9 x 10(25) m(-3). Importantly, for Aleksite nanoribbons with a width below 150 nm, a 1D weak antilocalization effect along with 1D universal conductance fluctuations emerges, which transforms into 2D behavior for larger ribbon widths.
Number of pages:8
Date of publication:29.6.2015
Journal title:Scientific Reports
Peer reviewed:true
Digital Object Identifier (DOI):http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/srep11691
Publication Type:Article